Simulación de eventos críticos en anestesia: lecciones y aprendizaje desde la aviación para mejorar la seguridad del paciente | Pedemonte Trewhela | ARS MEDICA Revista de Ciencias Médicas

Simulación de eventos críticos en anestesia: lecciones y aprendizaje desde la aviación para mejorar la seguridad del paciente

Juan Cristóbal Pedemonte Trewhela, Nicolás García Soto, Fernando Altermatt Couratier, Marcia Corvetto

Resumen


Durante décadas, las industrias de alto riesgo tales como la aviación comercial, las plantas nucleares y la ingeniería militar han sido entrenadas en el manejo de eventos críticos. En salud, la aplicación de los conceptos del entrenamiento del equipo de aviación y Crew Resource Management (“manejo de los recursos en crisis”), particularmente en anestesia, se han utilizado para mejorar la seguridad del paciente. Los eventos críticos, definidos como el punto en el curso de una enfermedad en la que se produce un cambio decisivo que conduce a la recuperación o a la muerte, tienen muchas características ideales para el entrenamiento por simulación.

En esta revisión narrativa, nuestro objetivo es definir los conceptos y la relación entre eventos críticos y simulación en anestesia, determinando su uso en el manejo de dichos eventos y la evidencia existente para apoyarlo.


Palabras clave


educación médica, simulación en pacientes, seguridad en pacientes.

Texto completo:

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Referencias


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11565/arsmed.v43i1.1103



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