Informe para el Tribunal Constitucional sobre los aspectos científicos y éticos del uso del levonorgestrel como anticonceptivo de emergencia

Patricio Ventura-Juncá T., Carlos Williamson B., Gonzalo Grebe B., Ignacio Sánchez D., Enrique Oyarzún E., Paulina Taboada R., Claudio Barros R., Manuel Santos A., Ricardo Moreno M., Mauricio Besio R.

Resumen


Las normas de regulación de la fertilidad, propuestas en el documento del Ministerio de Salud de Chile, plantean diversos problemas biomédicos en el contexto de una cierta visión de la procreación humana, de la sexualidad y de la familia. Hay serias objeciones desde una antropología que respeta la naturaleza personal de la mujer y del hombre, especialmente en el riesgo que existe en la promoción de métodos que podrían afectar la vida de seres humanos inocentes en sus etapas iniciales de desarrollo. Del análisis de la literatura se ha concluido que existen antecedentes científicos importantes, que se analizan en este documento, y que indicarían que el uso de la llamada “píldora del día después” podría estar poniendo en riesgo la vida del embrión humano preimplantacional.

Palabras clave


embrión humano; píldora; ovulación; fecundación; aborto

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Referencias


La definición de aborto de la Organización Mundial de la Salud define el aborto solo cuando se elimina un embrión después de implantado. Por esta razón denominan al efecto antiimplantatorio como efecto interceptivo. En este texto usaremos ambos términos como equivalentes. Pues lo sustancial del concepto es la eliminación de un ser humano desde la concepción (fecundación) al nacimiento.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11565/arsmed.v37i2.115



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